What is Metformin? Full information, uses, benefits and side effects.

What is Metformin? Full information, uses, benefits and side effects.


Metformin belongs to a class of drugs called biguanides. Metformin helps control the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood. It reduces the amount of glucose absorbed from the diet and the amount of glucose produced by the liver. Metformin also increases the body's response to insulin, a natural substance that controls the amount of glucose in the blood. condition) is not used.Over time, people with diabetes and high blood sugar can develop serious or life-threatening complications, such as heart disease, stroke, kidney problems, nerve damage, and eye problems. Taking medications, making lifestyle changes (diet, exercise, quitting smoking, etc.) and checking your blood sugar regularly can help you control your diabetes and improve your health.

(मेटफोर्मिन रक्त में ग्लूकोज (चीनी) की मात्रा को नियंत्रित करने में मदद करता है।)


Metformin is used alone or in combination with other drugs, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (a condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and is unable to control the amount of sugar in the blood). increase.
This treatment may be used to treat other diabetes-related problems such as heart attack, stroke, or kidney failure, nerve damage (numbness, cold legs or feet; decreased sexual potency in both men and women), eye problems, including changes It can also reduce your chances of developing complications such as vision loss, or periodontal disease. Your doctor or other health care provider will tell you how to best manage your diabetes. 

Side Effects:

Some common side effects are:

  • diarrhea
  • bloating
  • stomach pain
  • gas
  • indigestion
  • constipation
  • unpleasant metallic taste in mouth
  • heartburn
  • headache
  • flushing of the skin
  • nail changes
  • muscle pain


Metformin is available as a liquid, tablets, and sustained-release (long-acting) tablets to be taken orally. Liquids are usually taken 1-2 times daily with meals. Regular tablets are usually taken 2-3 times a day with food. The extended-release tablet is usually taken once a day with dinner. Take your metformin at about the same time each day so you don't forget to take it. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully and ask your doctor or pharmacist to clarify any areas you do not understand. Take metformin as directed. Do not take more or less, or more often than directed by your doctor.


Please consult your doctor/physician/specialist before taking any healthcare products. In case of allergic reaction to the medicines/substance, please take immediate medical help.

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