What is Latanoprost? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects

What is Latanoprost? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects


Prostaglandin analogs are a class of drugs that include latanoprost. By increasing the flow of natural eye fluids out of the eye, it reduces eye pressure.
In 1996, Latanoprost was granted medical use approval in the United States. It is on the List of Essential Medicines of the World Health Organization. Latanoprost is available as a generic drug.


Latanoprost, which is also sold under the brand name Xalatan and other names, is a medication that is used to treat increased pressure inside the eye[2]. This includes ocular hypertension and open angle glaucoma. It is applied to the eyes as eye drops. The effects usually start to show up within four hours and last for up to a day.


Drops of latanoprost are available. Once per day, at night, one drop is typically applied to the affected eye(s). Give yourself at least five minutes to switch between latanoprost and any other eye topical medications. Carefully follow the instructions on your prescription label, and if you have any questions, ask your pharmacist or doctor. Follow all directions when taking latanoprost. Do not use it more frequently or less frequently than your doctor has instructed.
Glaucoma can be controlled with latanoprost, but it cannot be cured. Even if you are feeling well, continue taking latanoprost. Without consulting your physician, do not stop taking latanoprost.

Follow these steps to apply the eye drops:

  • Use soap and water to thoroughly wash your hands.
  • Have someone else put the drops in your eye or use a mirror.
  • Verify that the dropper's end is not cracked or chipped.
  • Keep the dropper away from your eyes and other surfaces.
  • To keep drops from returning to the bottle and contaminating the remaining contents, always hold the dropper tip down.
  • Place your head back or lie down.
  • Place the dropper as close to your eyelid as possible while holding the bottle between your thumb and index finger without touching it.
  • Place the hand's remaining fingers against your nose or cheek.
  • Pull the lower eyelid down to form a pocket with your other hand's index finger.
  • Fill the eye's pocket created by the lower lid and eye with the prescribed amount of drops. Putting the drops on the outer layer of the eyeball can cause stinging.
  • To keep the medication in the eye, close your eyes and lightly press your finger against the lower lid for two to three minutes. Try not to squint.
  • Replace the cap and immediately tighten it. Avoid wiping or rinsing it off.
  • Using a dry tissue, remove any excess fluid from your cheek. Re-wash your hands.

Side effects:

  • stinging, burning, itching, watering, or swelling of the eye
  • redness of the eyelids
  • irritation
  • dry eyes


Please consult your doctor/physician/specialist before taking any healthcare products. In case of allergic reaction to the medicines/substance, please take immediate medical help.

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