What is Lithium? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects

What is Lithium? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects


Lithium belongs to a class of drugs called antimanic drugs. It works by reducing abnormal activity in the brain. Lithium affects the flow of sodium through nerve and muscle cells in the body. Sodium affects alertness or mania.


  • Lithium is a mood stabilizer used to treat or control manic episodes in bipolar disorder
  • Lithium can also help prevent or reduce the intensity of manic episodes.
  • Lithium is intended for use by adults and their children over the age of 7.
  • Do not use lithium without telling your doctor if you are pregnant. May harm the unborn baby. Use effective birth control and tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment.


Lithium is available as oral tablets, capsules, extended-release tablets and solutions . Tablets, capsules, and solutions are usually taken 3 to 4 times daily. Extended-release tablets are usually taken two to three times daily. Take lithium at about the same time each day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully and ask your doctor or pharmacist to clarify any areas you do not understand. Take lithium as directed. Do not take more or less, or more often than directed by your doctor.

Side Effects:

Some common side effects are:

  • stomachache
  • gas
  • indigestion
  • gain or loss of weight
  • dry mouth
  • excessive saliva in the mouth
  • Altered ability to taste food
  • swollen lips
  • Acne
  • Hair loss

Some side effects can be serious:

  • Frequent urination
  • slow jerky movements
  • Movements that are unusual or difficult to control
  • blackout
  • seizure
  • syncope


Please consult your doctor/physician/specialist before taking any healthcare products. In case of allergic reaction to the medicines/substance, please take immediate medical help.

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