What is Ciprofloxacin? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects

What is Ciprofloxacin? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects


Ciprofloxacin belongs to a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones. It works by killing bacteria that cause infections. Can be taken orally, eye drops, ear drops, or intravenously.


Ciprofloxacin is used to treat various types of bacterial infections. It is also used to treat people exposed to anthrax [ Anthrax is a serious infectious disease caused by gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria known as Bacillus anthracis.  ]and certain types of plague [Plague is an infectious disease that affects animals and humans. It is caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. ]. Sustained-release ciprofloxacin is only approved for use in adults. Ciprofloxacin may also be used to treat bronchitis[ bronchitis is an illness of the tubes leading to the lungs  that causes a very bad cough ], sinus infections[ Sinusitis is inflammation or swelling of the tissue lining the sinuses. The sinuses are the cavities between the eyes, behind the cheekbones, and in the forehead. ].





 Sinus infections


Ciprofloxacin is available as tablets, liquids, and extended-release tablets to be taken orally with or without food. Tablets and suspensions are usually taken twice daily, and extended-release tablets are usually taken once daily. When used to treat gonorrhea, tablets and suspensions can be administered as a single dose. Take ciprofloxacin at about the same time each day. The duration of treatment depends on the type of infection. Your doctor will tell you how long to take ciprofloxacin. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully and ask your doctor or pharmacist to clarify any areas you do not understand. Take ciprofloxacin exactly as directed. Do not take more or less, or more often than directed by your doctor.

Side Effects:

Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Serious side effects include increased risk of tendon rupture, hallucinations, and nerve damage. Muscle weakness worsens in people with myasthenia gravis. The incidence of side effects appears to be higher than some antibiotic groups such as cephalosporins, but lower than others such as clindamycin.


Please consult your doctor/physician/specialist before taking any healthcare products. In case of allergic reaction to the medicines/substance, please take immediate medical help.

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