What is Fluoxetine? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects

What is Fluoxetine? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects

Fluoxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) commonly prescribed to treat major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, and other mood disorders. It is also used in combination with other medications to manage bipolar disorder.

Uses of Fluoxetine:

Fluoxetine is primarily used to:

  • Major Depressive Disorder (MDD): Treat depression by increasing serotonin levels in the brain.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Manage obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors.
  • Panic Disorder: Alleviate symptoms of panic attacks.
  • Bipolar Disorder: When used in combination with other medications to manage mood swings.

How Fluoxetine Works:

Fluoxetine works by inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin, a neurotransmitter in the brain. By increasing serotonin levels, it helps regulate mood and alleviate symptoms associated with various mood disorders.

Benefits of Fluoxetine:

  • Depression Relief: Effectively treats symptoms of major depressive disorder.
  • OCD Symptom Management: Helps manage obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors.
  • Panic Attack Alleviation: Relieves symptoms of panic attacks.
  • Mood Stabilization: When used in combination with other medications, helps stabilize mood in bipolar disorder.

Dosage and Administration:

  • Dosage varies based on the specific condition being treated, individual response, and other factors.
  • It is usually taken orally, with or without food.
  • Follow the prescribed dosage and instructions provided by healthcare professionals.

Side Effects of Fluoxetine:

While generally considered safe, Fluoxetine may cause side effects, including:

  • Common effects: Nausea, insomnia, and sexual dysfunction.
  • Less common effects: Serotonin syndrome, suicidal thoughts, and allergic reactions.
  • Report any severe or persistent side effects to a healthcare professional.

Precautions:

  • Inform healthcare providers about existing medical conditions or medications.
  • Suicidal thoughts may occur, especially in young adults.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women should discuss risks and benefits with their healthcare provider.

Interactions:

  • Fluoxetine may interact with certain medications, including other SSRIs, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), and certain antipsychotics.

Warnings:

  • Serotonin syndrome is a rare but serious risk, especially with concurrent use of other serotonergic medications.
  • Discontinue gradually to avoid withdrawal symptoms.
  • Caution advised in individuals with a history of seizures or liver disease.

It's important to note that this information is general, and specific details can vary. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice before using Fluoxetine or any medication.

References:

Author: Nikita Vishnoi BCA

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