What is Citalopram? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects

What is Citalopram? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects

Citalopram is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used to treat major depressive disorder and other mood disorders. It works by increasing the levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter in the brain, which helps regulate mood.

Uses of Citalopram:

Citalopram is primarily used to:

  • Major Depressive Disorder (MDD): Treat depression by balancing serotonin levels in the brain.
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Manage symptoms of excessive worry and anxiety.

How Citalopram Works:

Citalopram inhibits the reuptake of serotonin in the brain, leading to increased levels of the neurotransmitter. This action helps improve mood and alleviate symptoms associated with depression and anxiety.

Benefits of Citalopram:

  • Depression Relief: Effectively treats symptoms of major depressive disorder.
  • Anxiety Symptom Management: Alleviates symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder.

Dosage and Administration:

  • Dosage varies based on the specific condition being treated, individual response, and other factors.
  • It is usually taken orally, with or without food.
  • Follow the prescribed dosage and instructions provided by healthcare professionals.

Side Effects of Citalopram:

While generally considered safe, Citalopram may cause side effects, including:

  • Common effects: Nausea, dry mouth, and drowsiness.
  • Less common effects: Insomnia, sexual dysfunction, and serotonin syndrome.
  • Report any severe or persistent side effects to a healthcare professional.

Precautions:

  • Inform healthcare providers about existing medical conditions or medications.
  • Suicidal thoughts may occur, especially in young adults.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women should discuss risks and benefits with their healthcare provider.

Interactions:

  • Citalopram may interact with certain medications, including other SSRIs, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), and certain antipsychotics.

Warnings:

  • Serotonin syndrome is a rare but serious risk, especially with concurrent use of other serotonergic medications.
  • Discontinue gradually to avoid withdrawal symptoms.
  • Caution advised in individuals with a history of seizures or liver disease.

It's important to note that this information is general, and specific details can vary. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice before using Citalopram or any medication.

References:

Author: Nikita Vishnoi BCA

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