What is Allopurinol? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects

What is Allopurinol? Full information, usage, benefits and side effects


Allopurinol is in a class of drugs called xanthine oxidase inhibitors. It works by reducing uric acid production in the body. Gout attacks and kidney stones may result from elevated uric acid levels. Gout attacks are prevented rather than treated with allopurinol.


Gout is a type of arthritis in which uric acid, a substance that occurs naturally in the body, builds up in the joints and causes sudden attacks of redness, swelling, pain, and heat in one or more joints. Allopurinol is used to treat gout. Allopurinol is additionally used to treat elevated degrees of uric corrosive that develops in the blood as growths separate in individuals with specific kinds of disease who are being treated with chemotherapy prescriptions. It is also used to treat kidney stones that have returned in people whose urine contains a lot of uric acid.


Take allopurinol exactly as your doctor has instructed you to. Follow all bearings on your solution name and read all medicine guides or guidance sheets. Your PCP may every so often change your portion.

Allopurinol should be taken orally with plenty of water. Drink 8 to 10 full glasses of fluid every day, unless your doctor tells you otherwise, to lower your risk of developing kidney stones.

Allopurinol should be taken orally after a meal if it causes stomach upset.

If you are unable to take allopurinol by mouth, an injection into a vein is the only option. Your first dose will be administered by a healthcare professional, and you may receive instruction on how to use the medication on your own.

In an IV bag, you may need to mix the injection with a liquid (diluent). While utilizing infusions without anyone else, be certain you comprehend how to blend and store the medication appropriately. If you don't understand all of the instructions, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

When you are ready to administer an injection, you should prepare it. If the medication has changed color or contains particles, do not use it. For new medication, contact your pharmacist.

Side effect:

  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • drowsiness
  • rash, itching, or hives
  • peeling, blistering, or shedding skin
  • red or purple spots on skin
  • painful urination
  • blood in the urine
  • irritation of the eyes
  • swelling of the lips or mouth
  • fever or flu-like symptoms
  • swollen glands


Please consult your doctor/physician/specialist before taking any healthcare products. In case of allergic reaction to the medicines/substance, please take immediate medical help.

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