What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids, also referred to as piles, are swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and anus. They may cause discomfort, itching, and rectal bleeding. In some cases, they can form a clot or thrombus, causing severe pain.
There are two types of hemorrhoids:
* Internal Hemorrhoids: These are located inside the rectum and are not visible from the outside.
* External Hemorrhoids: These are located under the skin around the anus and are visible from the outside.
## Causes of Hemorrhoids
The exact cause of hemorrhoids is not known. However, there are several factors that can contribute to their formation, such as:
* Constipation and straining during bowel movements
* Sitting for long periods of time
* Low-fiber diet
## Symptoms of Hemorrhoid
* Pain or discomfort in the anal area
* Itching in the anal area
* Swelling around the anus
* Bright red blood on the toilet paper or in the toilet bowl
* Painful lump near the anus
## Treatment for Hemorrhoids
Most cases of hemorrhoids can be treated at home with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications.
* Increase your fiber intake: Eating plenty of fiber can help prevent constipation and make it easier to pass stools.
* Drink plenty of fluids: Drinking enough fluids can help to keep stools soft.
* Use stool softeners: Stool softeners can help to make stools easier to pass.
* Use over-the-counter medications: There are a variety of over-the-counter medications that can help to relieve the symptoms of hemorrhoids.
* Sitz baths: Sitting in a warm bath can help to relieve the pain and itching associated with hemorrhoids.
* Use icepacks: Applying an icepack to the affected area can help to reduce swelling.
* Use topical creams: There are a variety of topical creams and ointments that can help to relieve the symptoms of hemorrhoids.
In more severe cases, your doctor may recommend other treatments such as rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, or surgery.