What is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form scales and red patches that are sometimes itchy and painful. The exact cause of psoriasis is not known, but it is thought to be related to an immune system problem. There is no cure for psoriasis, but there are treatments that can help to reduce symptoms and improve the appearance of the skin. Some common treatments include topical creams, light therapy, and oral or injectable medications. In more severe cases, biologic drugs can be used to target specific parts of the immune system that are involved in the development of psoriasis.
How does Psoriasis Develops?
Psoriasis develops when the immune system sends out faulty signals that cause skin cells to grow too quickly. Normally, skin cells grow deep in the skin and slowly rise to the surface, where they die and are shed. In people with psoriasis, this process is accelerated, so skin cells are produced too quickly and pile up on the surface before they have a chance to die and shed. This results in the formation of the red, scaly patches commonly associated with psoriasis.
It is not fully understood what causes the immune system to malfunction in this way, but several factors have been identified as playing a role. Some of these include genetics, stress, certain medications, and certain infections.
It's also important to note that psoriasis can be triggered or made worse by certain environmental factors such as sunburn, dry skin, and certain medications such as lithium.
Can Diet Help In Psoriasis?
While diet alone is not typically considered a primary treatment for psoriasis, some research suggests that certain dietary changes may help to reduce symptoms and improve overall health in people with psoriasis. Some studies have found that a Mediterranean-style diet, which is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fish, may be beneficial for people with psoriasis.
A diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods, such as fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds, may help to reduce inflammation in the body, which can in turn help to reduce symptoms of psoriasis. Some studies have also found that people with psoriasis who follow a gluten-free diet may experience improvements in their skin.
It's also important to maintain a healthy weight, as obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing psoriasis and also with more severe symptoms.
However, it's worth noting that more research is needed to fully understand the role of diet in treating psoriasis and to identify specific dietary recommendations for people with the condition. It's always a good idea to speak with a healthcare professional before making significant changes to your diet.
Difference between Eczema vs Psoriasis
Eczema and psoriasis are both chronic skin conditions, but they have some important differences. Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, causes dry, itchy, and inflamed skin. It often appears in childhood and can be triggered by environmental factors such as allergies and irritants. Psoriasis, on the other hand, is characterized by red, scaly patches of skin that can be itchy or painful. It is thought to be an autoimmune condition and can be triggered by factors such as stress and certain medications. In summary, eczema is characterized by dry and itchy skin, while psoriasis is characterized by red and scaly patches.