What is Losartan? Full information, uses, benefits and side effects.

What is Losartan? Full information, uses, benefits and side effects.

Losartan is a medication classified as an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB). This drug is commonly prescribed to address various cardiovascular conditions. As an ARB, Losartan helps manage conditions by blocking the effects of angiotensin II, a hormone that constricts blood vessels. This results in the relaxation of blood vessels, promoting smoother blood flow.

Uses of Losartan:

Losartan is primarily employed to:

  • Manage hypertension (high blood pressure) by easing blood vessel tension.
  • Treat hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy to reduce the risk of stroke and cardiovascular events.
  • Delay the progression of kidney disease in individuals with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure.

How Losartan Works:

Losartan operates by blocking the action of angiotensin II, thereby allowing blood vessels to relax and dilate, ultimately reducing blood pressure.

Benefits of Losartan:

  • Blood Pressure Control: Effectively lowers blood pressure, reducing the risk of cardiovascular events.
  • Kidney Protection: Delays the progression of kidney disease in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
  • Reduced Cardiovascular Risks: Associated with a decreased risk of stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular events.

Dosage and Administration:

  • Dosage varies based on the condition being treated and individual patient factors.
  • Typically taken once or twice daily, with or without food.
  • Adhere strictly to prescribed dosages and instructions provided by healthcare providers.

Side Effects of Losartan:

While generally considered safe, Losartan may cause side effects, including:

  • Common effects: Dizziness, lightheadedness, and fatigue.
  • Rare but serious effects: Kidney problems, high potassium levels, and low blood pressure.
  • Report any severe or persistent side effects to a healthcare professional.

Precautions:

  • Inform healthcare providers about existing medical conditions or medications.
  • Avoid alcohol and potassium supplements unless directed by a doctor.
  • Pregnant women should discuss risks and benefits with their healthcare provider.

Interactions:

  • Losartan may interact with certain medications, including potassium supplements, NSAIDs, and lithium.

Warnings:

  • Not recommended during pregnancy, especially in the second and third trimesters.
  • Caution advised in individuals with bilateral renal artery stenosis or a history of angioedema.

It's crucial to note that this information is general, and specific details can vary. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice before using Losartan or any medication.

References:

Author: Nikita Vishnoi BCA

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